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Enterovirus D68 Facts

Enterovirus D68 Can Cause Severe Respiratory Illness

  • Originally identified in 1962, Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has been rarely reported in the United States.
  • The CDC issued a health advisory in September 2014 to promote awareness of EV-D68 as a possible cause of acute unexplained respiratory illnesses reported at higher-than-expected rates.
  • Infants, children and teenagers are most likely to get infected and become ill.
  • There is no vaccine available for Enterovirus D68.

Get the Latest Information from the CDC

  • The Centers for Disease Control & Prevention has been working with states to better understand how widespread EV-D68 infections may be and to enhance states’ capacity to identify enteroviruses.
  • The CDC is providing information—such as weekly morbidity and mortality reports, podcasts, infographics and presentations—to healthcare professionals, policymakers, the general public and partners.
  • The CDC has developed, and started using on Oct. 14, 2014, a new, faster lab test for detecting EV-D68 in U.S. specimens.

Read the CDC's FAQ on Enterovirus D68

Pathogen Information

What is Enterovirus D68?

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is one of many non-polio enteroviruses and is a member of the Picornavirus family of viruses, which are small, non-enveloped RNA viruses.

What are the symptoms and treatment?

EV-D68 can cause mild to severe respiratory illness. Mild symptoms may include fever, runny nose, sneezing, cough and body and muscle aches. Severe symptoms may include wheezing and difficulty breathing. There is no specific treatment for people with respiratory illness caused by EV-D68. Clinical care is supportive.

How does it spread?

EV-D68 likely spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or touches a surface that is then touched by others. In the United States, people are more likely to get infected with enteroviruses in the summer and fall.

What can be done to prevent the spread of EV-D68?

  • • Wash hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, especially after changing diapers.
  • • Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • • Avoid close contact such as kissing, hugging, and sharing cups or eating utensils with people who are sick.
  • • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or shirt sleeve, not your hands.
  • • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs, especially if someone is sick.
  • • Stay home when you are sick.

Product Solutions

The following Clorox Healthcare surface disinfectants are EPA registered to kill EV-D68 on hard, nonporous surfaces:

Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Wipes

Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Cleaners

Although the products listed below have not been tested against EV-D68, the following are suitable for use within CDC and EPA criteria. Per those criteria, an EPA-registered hospital disinfectant should be used that (1) possesses EPA-registered claims against at least one non-enveloped virus (Norovirus, Adenovirus, Rotavirus, Poliovirus, Hepatitis A Virus); (2) is registered for hard, nonporous surfaces; and (3) has had all its efficacy claims confirmed under the Antimicrobial Testing Program:

Dispatch® Hospital Cleaner Disinfectant Towels with Bleach

Clorox Healthcare® Hydrogen Peroxide Cleaner Disinfectants and Wipes

Clorox Healthcare® Citrace® Hospital Disinfectant & Deodorizer