Excellent product efficacy. Trusted knowledge. Expert training. Clorox Healthcare is committed to helping you fight the spread of HAIs, with hospital cleaning and disinfecting solutions to meet your infection prevention needs.
The CDC, APIC and OSHA guidelines recommend bleach as a broad-spectrum germicide to disinfect hard surfaces contaminated by blood spills and tough-to-kill pathogens such as C. difficile spores and norovirus, both of which are resistant to disinfection by quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs). For resistant organisms and surfaces that are highly soiled, the CDC recommends a 1:10 dilution of 5.25% – 6.15% bleach (5250 ppm – 6150 ppm sodium hypochlorite solution).
Clorox Healthcare® ready-to-use bleach wipes and cleaners meet these guidelines for surface disinfection and are formulated at or above the recommended 1:10 concentration. Additionally, proprietary purification processes maximize shelf life, so you can trust Clorox Healthcare® products to be effective.
Bleach is not only effective, it’s widely trusted. Eight out of 10 hospitals use bleach to kill pathogens of most concern in their facilities. Clorox Healthcare® bleach products are used by five of U.S. News and World Report's Top 10 Most Influential Hospitals.
These Clorox Healthcare® bleach disinfecting wipes are EPA-registered to work fast and effectively against the following organisms, including C. difficile spores.
|Effective against:||Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Wipes||Dispatch® Hospital Cleaner Disinfectant Towels with Bleach||Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Cleaners|
|C.difficile spores||3 min||5 min||5 min|
|Bacteria||30 sec||1 min||1 min|
|Viruses||1 min||1 min||1 min|
Sodium hypochlorite’s mode of action differs from that of QACs and, generally works more effectively against a broader range of microorganisms with lower contact times. While bleach tears apart the microbe’s cell walls and deactivates proteins required for bacterial growth, QACs act on cellular membranes and exhibit more variability in effectiveness, depending on organism type.
A strong oxidizer, bleach reacts with nucleic acids (DNA/RNA), lipids and fatty acids associated with the cell membrane, and destroys the cellular activity of structural and functional proteins. There is no evidence of bacteria or viruses developing resistance to the powerful oxidizing action of bleach when used at recommended dilutions.
By contrast, quaternary ammonium compounds must cross a microbe’s cell membrane to render it inactive. The components of the cell membrane vary by organism type and can inhibit the effects of QACs. Additionally, QACs take longer to affect the cell than bleach, and in the laboratory, some bacteria develop resistance mechanisms to QACs over time.
CONCERN: My staff doesn’t like using bleach due to its odor.
FACT: We understand that bleach's odor and the risk of respiratory irritation are concerns. Here are some reasons why your team should use bleach with confidence:
CONCERN: Using bleach can damage equipment and surfaces.
FACT: Bleach's effect on surfaces is caused by two factors:
To minimize hypochlorite's impact on surfaces, Clorox Healthcare® bleach products are specially formulated with anticorrosion agents. To ensure that salt buildup does not cause surface damage over time, wipe down these surfaces after disinfecting with a fresh, clean, damp cloth.
When used as directed, Clorox Healthcare® bleach products are suitable to use on a variety of hard, nonporous surfaces, including stainless steel, plastics, glazed ceramics, glass, porcelain and other materials. Use bleach with confidence to clean and disinfect many surfaces such as bedrails, tables, equipment surfaces, countertops, floors, toilets, sinks, trash cans, desktop keyboards, telephone receivers, light switches, desks and mobile devices such as IV stands, carts and glucometers.
CONCERN: All bleach is the same.
FACT: Compare your current bleach to the Clorox Healthcare® portfolio of bleach-based products.
|Clorox® Germicidal Bleach 6.15% NaOCI||Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Wipes
|Clorox Healthcare® Bleach Germicidal Cleaners 0.65% NaOCI||Dispatch® Towels 0.65% NaOCI|
|EPA-registered hospital disinfectant|
|Ready-to-use, one-step cleaner disinfectant|
|Approved for instrument pre-cleaning and disinfection of noncritical instruments|
|EPA-registered to kill C. Difficile spores (at a 1:10 dilution)|
|Ready-to-use formulation with similar 1:10 dilution recommended by CDC for use against pathogens|
|Short contact times required to achieve broad-spectrum disinfection|
|Mercury-free manufacturing process|
|Proprietary formulation process to maximize shelf life|
CONCERN: Bleach contaminates our groundwater.
FACT: The bleach cycle – from production to use to degradation – is simple and sustainable. It begins and ends with sodium chloride (common table salt), which is converted to bleach through electrolysis and combination with water, chlorine and sodium hydroxide. Clorox does not purchase sodium hydroxide or chlorine that is manufactured with the mercury cell process. This eliminates a source of mercury contaminants found in some bleach products.
During use and disposal, 95% to 98% of bleach rapidly breaks down back into salt and water. The remaining byproducts are effectively treated by municipal wastewater and septic systems. Bleach does not contaminate groundwater because it does not survive sewage treatment, either in municipal sewage treatment plants or in septic systems. No dioxins are formed.
1 Kimberly Aronhalt, BSN, RN, Infection Preventionist, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Patient and Environmental Service employee satisfaction and tolerance of using bleach germicidal wipes for patient room cleaning to reduce transmission of Clostridium difficile infection
2 Mayfield JL et al. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2000;31:995-1000
3 Eckstein BD et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2007,7:61
4 EPA 1999. “Toxicology Profile for Chlorine”, ASTDR, USDHHS, September 2007